This report contained my views on the issue of abortion. I have commence in-depth research and analysis on the topic to support my stance against abortion. I think abortion should be abolished because many women chose this practice because of mere inconvenience. In addition, abortion called into focus, our moral values, responsibilities and religion. In my paper, I further explain in detail that abortion promotes a culture in which human life is disposable—I also provide evidence that many women have had serious health issues after experiencing an abortion. Abortion is the killing of a human being. This practice goes against our moral and ethical responsibilities and religious beliefs. Therefore, our women should not choose abortion because of mere inconvenience—this is an irresponsible act and selfish behavior.
Why I Think Abortion Should be Abolish.Abortion promotes a culture in which human life is disposable. According to an article published by (Abortion Pro-Con), “The legalization of abortion sends a message that human life has little value”. Quoting Pope Francis, “It is frightful even to think there are children, victims of abortion, who will never see the light of day”. House Representative (Randy Hultgren) wrote and stated in January 2014 that “When we tell one other that abortion is okay, we reinforce the idea that human lives are disposable, that we can throw away anything or anyone that inconveniences us”. In addition, abortion disproportionately affects African American babies. ProCon.Org reported that in the United States, black women are 3.3 times as white women to have an abortion, according to the Guttmacher Institute. ProCon.Org further stated that, in 2012, in New York City, more black babies were aborted (31,328) than had live birth (24,758). In other words, what ProCon.Org is saying, is that black women are killing or aborting far more babies than that allowed to be born. The issue concerning abortion is a serious regarding ethics and moral conducts.
On the subject of ethics and moral conducts, along with in depth research on this topic on abortion- I drew my stand against abortion and why I think abortion should be abolished. In clarifying my view on the subject of abortion, I will elaborate in detail on a number important issues concerning my views on abortion. However, my views on these issues are influence by my personal code of ethics and supported by in-depth research on the topic. Some of these views and concerns that I will coverer in this report include but not limited to; (1) what is abortion? (2) The excuses used for abortion (3) When do life begin? -And abortion the ultimate child abuse. (4) Abortion and our moral code of ethics, responsibility and religion. And (5) Abortion and the health issue.
What is abortion?
According to an Article tittle, “Abortion” by US Politics Expert, Kathy Gill, “Abortion refers to the voluntary termination of a pregnancy, resulting in the death of the fetus or embryo”. Abortion is murder. The killing of an innocent human being is wrong, even if that human being has yet to be born. Unborn babies are considered human beings by the US government. Nevertheless, there are two kinds of abortion in the U.S.–in-clinic abortion and abortion pill. Abortions are very common. In fact, 3 out of 10 women, or 1 out of every 3 women in the U.S. have an abortion by the time they are 45 years old. (2015 About.com). (http://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/abortion).
The excuses used for abortion
However, people who support abortion will give ridiculous excuses and un-wanting reason to justify an abortion. Notwithstanding, I realize that there are others of which I shared in their perspectives in support for abortion in certain situation. I already observed that there should be special provisions under abortion laws that may support the termination of an un-wanting pregnancy due to certain circumstances. In other words, I shared my sympathy and support in circumstances such as; pregnancy of a minor-the mentally challenge-early stage of rape-incest-critical health and life threatening concerns-and in some cases of financial deprivation. Even though, termination of an unborn child in these special cases may fall under the umbrella of abortion- however, in my view, termination in these circumstances would not be abortion. I rather view the termination of an unborn child in these cases as a special provision under the abortion law. My terminology is “special provisions under abortion law”. Additionally, according to (ProCon.Org) 50 percent of Americans say abortion should be “legal only under certain circumstances” of which I fully agreed.
Notwithstanding, some people may believe that abortion should only use as a last resort, but others advocate unrestricted access to abortion services under any circumstances. In other words these people think that they should have unrestricted access to abortion services and rights to terminate an unborn child whenever or whichever reasons they chose fit. In addition, some people, even politicians sometimes go to length in promoting ridiculous reasons and excuses for justifying the act of abortion. For example, abortion is justified as a means of population control.
Philosopher (Peter Singer), MA, Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, defended abortion as a way to curb over-population, according to article publish by ProCon.Org. Said article further stated that, “the United Nations estimated that the world’s population will increase to 9.3 billion by 2050. The Los Angeles Times stated that “Malnutrition, starvation, poverty, lack of medical and educational services, pollution, underdevelopment, and conflict over resources are all consequences of overpopulation.” “The population increase if abortion were unavailable could be substantial.” I do not buy into this argument. In other words, I do not believe that we should use abortion as a means of population control. Some government and political agencies promotes population control out of self-interest and political motives. Their intentions may include political might and excessive power over people. As one would say, “It is better to manage and govern less people rather than too much.”
Furthermore, it is been said that abortion reduces crime. According to a study co-written by Freakonomics co-author (Steven D. Levitt, PhD), and published in the peer-reviewed Quarterly Journal of Economics, “legalized abortion has contributed significantly to recent crime reductions.” The article further stated that around 18 years after abortion was legalized, crime rates began to drop abruptly, and crime rates dropped earlier in states that allowed abortion earlier. “Women who have abortions are those most at risk to give birth to children who would engage in criminal activity,” and women who had control over the timing of childbearing were more likely to raise children in optimal environments, crime is reduced when there is access to legal abortion, according to journal. But, as I said earlier, “I do not buy into this argument” In other words, the article is implying and promoting an assumption that children whom lives have been terminated by abortions are indeed criminals or would be criminals for sure. We should not make claims or imply such reasons to justify legalizing abortion.
When do life begins/Child abuse
In addition to the excuses to abortion, there are many questions. For instant, an important question is ask, “When do life begin? According to article by ProCon.Org, “personhood begins at conception, and therefore abortion is the immoral killing of an innocent human being. They say abortion inflicts suffering on the unborn child, and that it is unfair to allow abortion when couples who cannot biologically conceive are waiting to adopt.” Consequently, ProCon.Org further stated that, the federal Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which was enacted “to protect unborn children from assault and murder,” states that under federal law, anybody intentionally killing or attempting to kill an unborn child should “be punished–for intentionally killing or attempting to kill a human being.” The act also states that an unborn child is a “member of the species homo sapiens.”
Life begins at conception, so unborn babies are human beings with the right to life. Based on my research on the subject, it is said that upon fertilization, a human individual is created with a unique genetic identity that remains unchanged throughout his or her life. This individual has a fundamental right to life, which must be protected. In addition, French geneticist Jerome Lejeune, who discovered the chromosome abnormality that causes Down syndrome, stated that, “To accept the fact that after fertilization has taken place a new human has come into being is no longer a matter of taste or opinion. The human nature of the human being from conception to old age is not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence.”
Fetuses feel pain during the abortion procedure. According to article by ProCon.org, Maureen Condic, PhD, Associate Professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy and Adjunct Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Utah School of Medicine, explains that the “Most primitive response to pain, the spinal reflex,” is developed by eight weeks gestation, and adds that “There is universal agreement that pain is detected by the fetus in the first trimester.” Said article further reported that, Bernard N. Nathanson, MD, the late abortion doctor who renounced his earlier work and became a pro-life activist, stated that when an abortion is performed on a 12-week-old fetus, “We see (in an ultrasound image) the child’s mouth open in a silent scream. This is the silent scream of a child threatened imminently with extinction.” It is sad and heart rendering to hear such a thing! Just think and imagine for a moment on what these guys are saying. It is mind boggling and heart breaking to know what unborn babies have to endure sometimes. There are no difference in life of a human being, except that the unborn child is inside the womb and the born child outside the womb. They both have life and both feel pain.
Abortion and our moral code of ethics, responsibility and religion.
In general, some people are of the concept that the pregnant mother reserve the right to decide life or death of an unborn child. It is said that she is the one who bring the child into being, go through trauma and pain, there she should be the one to decide life or death for the unborn child. In addition some laws give the woman that right to decide life or death of an unborn child. Apparently, the law gives right on the mother to terminate an unborn child because it is her baby and her choice. However, we also see where the said law that gave her the right with her unborn baby will take away that right from the mother when the baby is born. She no longer possessed that right to determine life and death of the born child, even though the child is still her choice and baby. So my question is, “If the mother do not have the right to kill her born child, do you think she should have the said right to kill the unborn child? Do we have a double standard on life and death to living beings? Where is the border-line? Where is the thin line? Where is our moral code and ethical thinking along with our sense of responsibility?
In addition, women should not use abortion as a form of contraception. It is immoral to kill an unborn child for convenience. According to ProCon.Org, the Guttmacher Institute, reported that, “half of all women having abortions every year have had at least one previous abortion, while 8.5% of abortions reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2010 were undergone by women who had three or more previous abortions. This suggests that many women are using abortion as a contraceptive method”. And that Freakonomics co-author Steven Levitt, PhD, wrote that after abortion was legalized, “Conceptions rose by nearly 30 percent, but births actually fell by 6 percent, indicating that many women were using abortion as a method of birth control, a crude and drastic sort of insurance policy.”
If women become pregnant, they should accept the responsibility that comes with producing a child. People need to take responsibility for their actions and accept the consequences. Having sexual intercourse, even when contraceptive methods are used, carries with it the risk of a pregnancy. The unborn baby should not be punished for a mistake made by adults. Said article of ProCon.Org stated that, “If women are unprepared to care for their children, they should at least put them up for adoption”. Furthermore, according said article, “the original text of the Hippocratic Oath, traditionally taken by doctors when swearing to practice medicine ethically, forbids abortion. One section of the classical version of the oath reads: “I will not give a woman a pessary (a device inserted into the vagina) to cause an abortion.” The modern version of the Hippocratic Oath, written in 1964 by Luis Lasagna, still effectively forbids doctors from performing abortions in the line, “Above all, I must not play at God.” Abortion also eliminates the potential societal contributions of a future human being.
Abortion is the killing of a human being, which defies the word of God. The Bible does not draw a distinction between fetuses and babies. By the time a baby is conceived, he or she is recognized by God, as demonstrated in Jeremiah 1:5: “Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou come forth out of the womb I sanctified thee.” The Sixth Commandment of the Bible’s Old Testament, “Thou shalt not kill” (Exodus 20:13), applies to all human beings, including unborn babies. In the Hindu religion, the holy text Kaushitaki Upanishad states that abortion is an equivalent misdeed to killing one’s own parents. The BBC states that “Traditional Buddhism rejects abortion because it involves the deliberate destroying of a life.” On the other hand, we do not need religion or law to know and feel that killing or taking a life is wrong. We know and we feel that terminating an unborn child because of mere inconvenience is a wrong and bad thing to do.
Abortion and the health issue.
Finally, abortion may lead to future medical problems for the mother. According to a done in 2003 and published by the peer-reviewed International Journal of Epidemiology, estimated that about 15 percent of first-trimester miscarriages are attributed to a prior history of induced abortion, and stated that “Induced abortion by vacuum aspiration is associated with an increased risk of first-trimester miscarriage in the subsequent pregnancy.” Another 2013 Chinese study published in the peer-reviewed Indian Journal of Cancer found an association between breast cancer and a history of abortions.
Abortions cause psychological damage. A 2008 peer-reviewed study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health found that “Young adult women who undergo abortion may be at increased risk for subsequent depression.” A peer-reviewed 2005 study published in BMC Medicine found that women who underwent an abortion had “significantly higher” anxiety scores on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale up to five years after the pregnancy termination. According to said article, a 2002 peer-reviewed study published by the Southern Medical Journal “Of more than 173,000 American women found that women who aborted were 154% more likely to commit suicide than women who carried to term”.
Sometimes an abortion experience can create or cause emotions that may be difficult a woman to deal with on her own. Abortion also can cause unhealthy behaviors. In a report by an article tittle “National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 2009” reported that, “Abortion produces strong emotions that can change over time. Denying, repressing, or pushing down these emotions may work for a while, but continued refusal to face the emotions surrounding a loss such as abortion can lead to unhealthy behaviors.” Sometimes an abortion experience can cause; anxiety, flashbacks, nightmares and rage, just to name a few.
Current issues regarding abortion in America
Abortion has a large and growing support in the United State. However, while the Democratic government overwhelmingly support abortion—the Republican Party stand strongly opposed to the issue. The term “Anti-Abortion language” backed by the Republican platform committee says an unborn child has a fundamental right to life that cannot be infringed. It also says the Republican Party supports a “human life amendment” to the Constitution and endorses legislation to ensure that unborn children are protected by the 14th Amendment. In an article posted June 11, 2015, on Fox8 News Edition (Washington) by Cnn Wire, stated, “The race to be the most anti-abortion candidate in the 2016 Republican field is on. Sen. Lindsey Graham became the latest Republican presidential contender to stake his claim on the issue when he introduced a bill banning abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy, when abortion opponents say fetuses can feel pain.” The article further stated “That followed Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker’s endorsement of a similar ban in his own state, which drew criticism because he has said he would sign such a bill without exceptions in the case of rape or incest. Nearly every Republican running in 2016 has backed the 20-week abortion ban, and some have gone even further, with former Texas Gov. Rick Perry signing a 20-week ban into law in 2013.”
Closing remarks.I strongly believe that abortion should be abolished because it is the voluntary termination of a pregnancy, resulting in the death of the fetus or embryo. Many women chose abortion because of mere inconvenience and a form of contraception and birth control. In addition, life begins at conception and abortion inflicts suffering on the unborn child, and that it is unfair to allow abortion when couples who cannot biologically conceive are waiting to adopt. Furthermore, abortion goes against our moral code and ethics along with our moral responsibilities and religion. Abortion also posed serious health issues for women who experience an abortion. However, I think that there should be special provision under abortion laws that provided for special and certain circumstances of abortion regarding; minors, incest, rape, and life threatening health concerns for women. Nevertheless, notwithstanding the notion of women rights and free choices—I strongly believe that abortion promotes a culture in which human life is disposable.